Jaisamand Lake – Asia’s Second largest Artificial Lake
Udaipur, the city of lakes, has always been a topic of discussion everywhere due to its beautiful lakes. Today we are going to explore Jaisamand Lake, located about 50 km from Udaipur main city.
The most amazing thing about this lake is that it is the second-largest man-made artificial water lake in Asia as well as also the second-largest artificial water lake in India.
Jaisamand Lake is a man-made wonder that attracts everyone due to its natural beauty.
Apart from this, the things that make this lake special are two palaces, ‘Hawa Mahal’ and ‘Roothi Rani’s Palace’, ‘Jaisamand Wildlife Sanctuary’, ‘Jaisamand Island Resort’, all of providing an exquisite and wonderful experience.
Location of Jaisamand Lake Udaipur
The distance from Udaipur to Jaisamand Lake is about 50 kilometers and it is located on the southern side of Udaipur.
Map of Jaisamand lake
History of Jaisamand Lake Udaipur
This lake was built in the 17th century, Jaisamand Lake, also known as “Dhabar Lake”, is the second-largest human-made lake in India.
It was built in 1585 AD during the reign of “Maharana Jai Singh“, that is why this lake was named after Maharana Jai Singh.
The main purpose of the lake was to build a marble dam across the Gomti River because, during the reign of Maharana Jai Singh (1680–1698), the south-eastern part of Mewar did not have sufficient water for cultivation.
On the inauguration of the dam on 2 June 1691, Maharana Jai Singh distributed gold equal to its weight to the people of his kingdom.
Another special thing is that till 1902, Jaisamand Lake was considered to be the most prominent artificial lake in the world, before the construction of Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar.
Architecture of Jaisamand Lake Udaipur
Jaisamand Lake is spread over an area of 36 square miles (93 Km2). This Lake is 9 km wide, with a length of 14 km and a depth of 102 feet. The circumference of the Lake is 30 miles.
Apart from this, a huge dam has been constructed on this lake, which is about 1202 feet in length, 116 feet in height and the most beautiful thing is the temple of Lord Shiva in its center.
The Two Palace:
There are also two palaces built by Rana Jai Singh at the northern end of the lake.
The first palace, situated at the foothills known as Hawa Mahal while the second palace, Roothi rani’s palace, which is the summer palace of Queens surrounded by Jaisamand Lake on all four sides.
There is also a large pavilion in the courtyard of the Palace, which is constructed with 12 pillars.
There are three different islands on Jaisamand Lake (Dhebar Lake). The first of which is inhabited by tribes of Bhil Minas (people of Rajasthan).
The two other big islands are known as Baba’s Magra and the smaller island is known as Piari.
Jaisamand Island Resort has been built on one of these islands. It is one of the most expensive and luxurious hotel resorts in Asia.
The lake has beautiful steps leading to the water and has a marble umbrella (Senotafs) on its banks with a small temple of Lord Shiva known as Narmadeshwar Swaroop which enhances the sanctity of the lake.
The carved elephant figure carved out of the marble is set up along its trunk.
How to reach Jaisamand Lake Udaipur
It is located at a distance of about 50 km from the main city of Udaipur, where you can easily reach on your own (bike or car), Or you can hire a taxi or cab.
Along with these services, you can also travel directly to Jaisamand lake by using private bus services which also runs during the night from the main city to Jaisamand Lake
Entry fees and timings of Jaisamand Lake Udaipur
This Lake is open to everyone from 10 am to 5 pm every day of the week.
If you wanna enjoy boat rides, then you have to bear min cost which is Rs. 30 for Indians and Rs. 80 for foreigners.
Also if you wanna visit the Jaisamand Wildlife Sanctuary, the ticket price for Indians is Rs. 10 while RS. 80 for foreign residents.
Places to Visit at Jaisamand Lake
Jaisamand Wildlife Sanctuary:
Jaisamand Wildlife Sanctuary is located about a distance of 51 km south-east of Udaipur City and spread over an area of 62 square km.
Earlier used as a hunting reserve, Jaisamand Sanctuary was built in 1957. The sanctuary is established in Kathiawar Gir, known as a dry form of deciduous forest.
This sanctuary is inhabited by innumerable species which include sloth bear, leopard, chital, chinkara, wild boar, and a wide variety of the birds that breed here such as darter, open bill stork, pond heron, little cormorant, and Indian Shag.
The aquatic life and the amphibians are also found in this lake such as the crocodiles and fish.
Jaisamand Island Resort:
Jaisamand Island Resort is built on one of the three islands on the lake, on about 40 acres.
The Lake and Sanctuary are rich in fauna with over 300 bird species, where you can enjoy bird watching from the resort.
With this, you can experience the vastness and beauty of the lake from the resort.
If you wanna enjoy the amazingness of Jaisamand lake, boating is the ideal way to explore every aspect of the lake.
While boating, you can enjoy the natural greenery spread all around, As the lake is very big, so it can take about 3 hours to see it properly.
Places to visit near Jaisamand Lake Udaipur
1. You can visit the auspicious Deo Somnath temple, which is located 9 miles from the Jaisamand Lake.
2. The Ruthi Rani ka Mahal built by Maharana Jaisingh is another popular tourist destination located near the lake.
3. The Palace was named after the queen Rani Kamladevi. It was a gift from the king to his youngest queen, Rani Kamladevi.
4. Another beautiful temple of Deveswar Mahadev is also an option to visit near Jaisamand Lake.
Best time to visit Jaisamand Lake Udaipur
You Can visit this lake at any time of the year, but monsoon(month of July to August) is considered as the best time to visit Jaisamand.
Some Amazing facts about Jaisamand Lake Udaipur
a. It is the largest man-made lake in India.
b. This lake is known as the second-largest artificial Lake in Asia after the Aswan dam in Egypt.
c. The dam built on the Jaisamand Lake is listed in the ‘Heritage Monuments of India.’
Things to keep in mind while you visit Jaisamand Lake Udaipur
1. You can take pictures at Jaisamand Lake. There is a fee of Rs 200 for taking your camera near the lake area.
2. Take care of your children during boat rides in Jaisamand lake.
Jaisamand Lake is a wonderful man-made wonder, enhancing the beauty of the lake city Udaipur. Whenever you visit Udaipur, do not forget to experience this magnificent lake.