Mewar and Marwar- Similarities and Variations
“The state of Rajasthan” remains a center of attraction all over the world due to its unique and beautiful culture, ancient art, costumes, sacred traditions, and harmony. Rajasthan has two major provinces known as “Mewar and Marwar”.
Many people think that both are the same, but it’s not true. In fact, Mewar and Marwar are very similar at some level, but when we go in-depth, they have some opposite characteristics.
“So let’s explore the Mewar and Marwar region of Rajasthan”
Mewar sometimes also referred to as “Mewad” is a region in the south-central part of the Rajasthan state of India.
The word “Mewar” actually comes from the word ‘Medapata’ which is the ancient name used for the region. ‘Meda’ refers to the Meda Tribe, and for this reason, it is known as ‘Badnor’ and ‘Pata’ refers to the administrative unit.
“Territories of the Mewar Rajasthan“
Mewar, the south-central region of Rajasthan mainly includes:
» Tehsil Pirawa of Jhalawar District
» Neemuch and Mandsaur districts of Madhya Pradesh
» and some parts of Gujarat.
While Marwar ( which is also called the Jodhpur region) is a region of southwestern Rajasthan state in Northwestern India.
The word “Marwar” extracted from the word ‘Maru,’ and ‘wad’ Maru is a Sanskrit word, which means desert and Wad is a Rajasthani slang which means a particular area.
It is popularly known as ‘The Region of Desert’.
“Territories of Marwar Rajasthan“
» and parts of Sikar
Geography of Mewar and Marwar
Both Marwar and Mewar are the subregions of the Rajasthan state of India.
The State of Rajasthan is mainly divided into nine subregions which included Ajmer, Dhundar, Gorwar, Hadoti, Marwar, Mewad, Mewat, Shekhawati, and Vagad.
The northern and eastern parts of Mewar are made up of highly elevated plateaus, while the western and southern parts are surrounded by dense forests and hills.
Mewar Region, Rajasthan
Similarly, the Marwar region is surrounded mostly by a sandy plain lying to the north-west of the Aravalli ranges.
In summer, the temperature rises from 48 to 50 degrees Celsius, while in winter it remains below the freezing point.
Marwar Region, Rajasthan
Golden History of Mewar and Marwar
The history of both Mewar and Marwar is almost similar and rich as both were mainly founded and ruled by Rajput’s rulers.
Mewar is considered the heroic land of Rajasthan because it has made many sacrifices for its pride.
According to history, The state of Mewar has founded approx 530 AD. Bappa Rawal is considered the founder of the Mewar region.
In the history of Mewar, many battles were fought between the Mughal rulers and the Rajput kings, the most famous of which was the Battle of Haldighati which was fought between the 13th King of Mewar, Maharana Pratap Singh, and the Mughal Emperor Akbar on 18 June 1576.
The battle of Haldighati is still immortal in history.
Maharana Pratap Singh is also considered the greatest ruler of Mewar. His birth anniversary also popular as “Maharana Pratap Jayanti” is celebrated each year as a full-fledged festival on the 3rd day of the Jyestha Shukla phase.
Famous kings of Mewar and the Period of their Reign:
|Kings||Known for||Reign period|
|Bappa Rawal||➤ He is considered the founder of Mewar||734-753|
|Maharana Kumbha||➤His reign is known as the “golden period of Mewar”
➤He Was the only Hindu king of his time in India
|Maharana Udai Singh||➤Was struck by lightning and died on the spot just before his daughter’s marriage||1468-1473|
|Maharana Udai Singh II||➤Known as the founder of Udaipur, the city of lakes||1468-1473|
|Maharana Pratap||➤He was the Only ruler, who did not give up in front of Mughals.
➤Brave warrior behind the famous “Battle of Haldighati” against Akbar, the then Mughal ruler
|Maharana Jagat Singh||➤He was the 57th ruler of Mewar
➤ During his reign, the famous Jagmandir Palace and Jagdish Temple in Udaipur was built
|Maharana Swaroop Singh||➤ During his reign, he supported Britishers in every way possible when Britishers were trying to settle in India.||1842-1861|
|Maharana Sajjan Singh||➤ After Bombay, Udaipur became the second city to have a municipality in the country, under his rule.
➤ He did so much for Udaipur and its environment during his reign.
➤ Under his rule, a beautiful and amazing Mansoon Palace, that Sajjangarh Fort is was built.
|Maharana Bhupal Singh||➤ Many schools and colleges were built for good education under his period||1930-1955|
|Maharana Bhagwat Singh||➤He was considered to be the last ruler of Mewar
➤ He sold all his properties like Fateh Prakash, Jag Mandir, and other architecture on the banks of the Pichola, etc. to keep them well maintained.
On the other hand, Marwar province was established by Gurjara Pratihara, ruler of the Rajput clan.
Initially, he established his empire in Marwar in the 6th century, whose capital is named Mandor, which is presently about 6 kilometers from Jodhpur.
Furthermore, It was much more affected than any other part of Rajputana, especially from 1899–1900, when it suffered badly due to famine.
Finally, due to famine, the population of the state decreased by 23% to 1,935,565 in 1901 compared to 1891.
During that time, the Maharaja of Jodhpur expressed his desire to join the Dominium of Pakistan, but Lord Mountbatten strongly warned him that the majority of his subjects were Hindus and by joining Pakistan dominion, it would cause major problems for him and the kingdom.
Finally, In 1950, Rajputana became the state of Rajasthan.
Famous kings of Marwar and the Period of their Reign :
|Kings||Known For||Reign Period|
|Rao Sheoji||➤The first ruler to rule over Marwar||1226-1273|
|Rao Ranmal||➤ Sisodias of Mewar helped him to rule over Marwar
➤ He Was assassinated, because of the orders of Rana Kumbha of Mewar.
|Rao Jodha||➤He was the Founder of Jodhpur||1438-1489|
|Maharaja Jaswant Singh||➤ He fought the battle of Dharmatpur against the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb.||1638-1678|
|Maharaja Ajit Singh||➤ Became king of Marwar after 25 years of war against Aurangzeb.||1679-1724|
|Maharaja Bakhat Singh||➤ The battle of Gangavana against the Mughals and Kachhwa was fought under his rule.||1751-1752|
|Maharaja Sir Hanwant Singh||➤He was the last ruler of Marwar before independence||9 June 1947-15 August 1947|
The Special and Royal families of Mewar and Marwar
If Rajasthan is called Karma Bhoomi of Rajputs, it will not be wrong, because Rajasthan has many dynastic families. They are described as “proud Rajput tribes of Rajputana” because of their sacrifice for the province.
Their lineage is traced or derived from the Sun family, the fire family, and the Moon family.
The Sun family mainly includes the:
» Rathores of Jodhpur and Bikaner
» Sisodias of Chittaur and Udaipur and
» Kachawas of Amber and Jaipur.
the moon family primarily includes the Bhattis of Jaisalmer
Apart from these, if we talk about business communities, then it includes Agarwal, Khandelwal, Maheshwari, Jain, Ghoi families of Marwar.
Bajaj, Birla, Singhania, Goenka are some of the leading business groups in India, known as Marwari of Rajasthan.
In addition, the community of artisans, mainly blacksmiths, sonars, Bhils, etc. are found or belongs to Mewar.
Special Spoken Languages of Mewar and Marwar
Language is such a unique thing that connects a person with his province and reveals his identity. The primary language of Rajasthan is “Rajasthani“. Similarly, for Mewar, “Mewari“, and in the same way, Marwari language is used in Marwar.
However, many people consider ‘Mewari’ and ‘Marwari’ the same but there are so many variations among them.
But after all, those who have lived in both provinces easily understand its sweetness.
Firstly, talk about the language of Mewar, the Mewari is actually inspired by the Devanagari script.
This language is used by about 5 million people in the state of Rajasthan, which mainly includes Udaipur, Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Rajsamand district, etc.
Secondly, Most of the words in the Marwari (also referred to as Marwadi, Marvadi) language are mostly derived from the Indian ancient Sanskrit language and are traditionally associated with the Mahajani language.
In addition, it is the most spoken language in Rajasthan, used by around 20 million people. Similarly, Marwaris are also found in neighboring states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Haryana.
Delicious cuisines of Mewar and Marwar
Food brings people together on many different levels. It’s the nourishment of the soul and body; it’s truly love – Giada De Laurentiis
Just like the residents of Rajasthan and their traditional culture, Rajasthani cuisine is a splendid array of colorful, spicy, and unique dishes.
Rajasthani cooking has its unique style and taste and The most basic ingredients and spices are found in the preparation of most dishes in Rajasthan.
This food is famous all over the world for its delicious taste and spices. You must have heard the name “Dal Baati Churma“?
Yes, you thought right, Dal Baati Churma is a Rajasthani dish, which is mainly consumed in both Mewar and Marwar provinces.
Mewar cuisine includes both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food, some are
» Lal Maans(red meat),
» Shikaar( Wild Boar/Pork),
» Khargoash Ghosht (rabbit meat)
While Marwar primarily uses vegetarian food.
» Bajre ki roti
» Bharwa Besan Mirch
» Pyaaz Kachori
» Panchmel Daal
» and many more delicious recipes.
In addition, dried spices, dried fruits like cashew, almonds, and walnuts are an important part of Mewar’s authentic plate(Thaali).
Along with these, Besan and special vegetables like Sangri, Guarfali are more used in Marwari thali, whereas Mewari dishes are slightly dry according to their regional conditions.
The most important thing is that cooking techniques, spices, and use of ghee are almost the same in both the provinces.
Traditional Festivals of Mewar and Marwar
The “Mewar festival”, also known as the ‘Gangaur Festival‘, attracts entire India. This festival is celebrated with full enthusiasm throughout the Mewar region, in which women especially participate.
On the other hand, the “Teej Festival” in Marwar is also mainly celebrated by the women of the region.
Gangaur or Mewar festival is celebrated in March or on the first day of Chaitra, the day after Holi according to the Hindu calendar, and continues for 16 days, While the Teej festival is celebrated during the monsoon season, which is determined by the cycle of the moon.
The special thing is that both ‘Gangaur’ and ‘Teej festivals’ are associated with Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva.
Finally, all we can say, even after so many differences, the thing that makes both Mewar and Marwar unique and special is the mixture of both the cultures. Hence they are popular by the identity of Rajasthani instead of Mewari or Marwari.